How Different Electricity Pricing Systems Affect the Energy Trilemma: Assessing Indonesia's Electricity Market Transition

This ADBI Working Paper developed a model to assess the implications of different electricity pricing structures in Indonesia for different aspects of the Energy Trilemma (affordability and access, energy security, and environmental sustainability); and, finds that each pricing system foster specific aspect of the Energy Trilemma. Based on this model, the authors were able to draw a transformation pathway for a more sustainable and just transition to a low-carbon economy in Indonesia.