Integrated Solid Waste Management for Kathmandu Valley
Kathmandu City, the capital of Nepal, struggles with 800 tons of Municipal Solid Wastes (MSW) it produces every day. The Government of Nepal adopted a Public Private Partnership approach to address the mounting problem. A joint venture (JV) of Nepalese and Finnish organizations was selected to implement project Package - 1, covering the Kathmandu district. Nepwaste Pvt Ltd was formed as a Special Purpose Vehicle that will develop and implement an Integrated Solid Waste Management Program for Kathmandu District. The Project will be done through a 22 - years Build, Operate and Transfer scheme. Nepwaste will manage increasing waste volumes (800++ tons) using waste-to-energy technology. The Government of Nepal is committed to provide regulatory/policy assistance and land required for the smooth operation of the project.
What problem are you trying to solve? Who has this problem?Kathmandu Valley is capital and biggest city of Nepal. The city is spread over 570 sq. km and home to 4 Million people. Known for its beauty, Kathmandu city, however, struggles with the management of about 800 tons of municipal solid waste (MSW) it generates every day. The problem has been persisting over the last two decades. With Tribhuwan International Airport(TIA), Kathmandu welcomed 405,995 tourists in 2015 (Nepal Tourism Statistics, 2015). However, the biggest shock the tourist faces upon arrival is the haphazard disposal of Municipal Solid Wastes(MSW). Moreover, MSW can cause diseases and seepage to the groundwater. Around 4000 workers sort through the garbage everyday. The working conditions are hazardous and pose serious health effects. These can change by implementing safer solutions that will uplift the working conditions of these workers.
Value PropositionThe Waste to Energy Project (W2E) for Kathmandu District will use MSW as feeding stock that will be processed to produce clean energy products including: Solid Recovered Fuel (SRF), biogas and compressed natural gas (CNG), and organic fertilizers. The MSW facility will be constructed on the land provided by the government, which is centrally located spanning to 2.2 Hectares. Existing resources of the government as well as private sector waste operators, that are operating without regulatory approval, will be utilized and mobilized. Revenue will come from the clean energy byproducts of the W2E process. The calorific value of SRF is comparable to firewood and may be used as fuel for several purposes such as firing brick kilns and other incineration needs. Biogas produced will be used to generate 2 MW of electricity and heat to operate the facility. Biogas will be upgraded to the quality of natural gas. Production of CNG has the potential to provide for about 700 public buses. Digestate, the solid by-product of biogas production, is an excellent organic fertilizer for farming. The Project is at advance pre-construction stage and concession negotiation with the government is ongoing.
- Restoration of cleanliness and natural beauty of Kathmandu District and improve the lives of its 4 million residents
- Provide safer occupational environment for existing 4000 workers, and creation of 500 direct job opportunities
- Introduction of CNG and SRF in the market to displace fossil fuels
- Annual GHG reduction of about 92,715 tonnes of CO2
- Preservation of biodiversity and prevention of groundwater and river pollution
Lasse Laaksonen, Project Management Expert
Martti Surakka, Technical Director
Rene Vijay Shrestha Einhaus, CEO
Samir Newa, Director Operations
Suman Basnyat, CFO